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The crime of Trafficking in Persons 

Human trafficking harms women and men, girls and boys and affects every country in the world - as countries of origin, transit or destination or a combination of all three.

Under the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children : ''Trafficking in Persons'' is defined as "the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.''

On the basis of the Protocol definition, the crime of trafficking has three constituent elements:

THE ACT =) Recruitment, transportation, harbouring or receipt of persons;

The MEANS =) Threat or use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or vulnerability, or giving payments or benefits to a person in control of the victim;

THE PURPOSE =) For the purpose of exploitation, which includes exploiting the prostitution of others, sexual exploitation, forced labour, slavery or similar practices and the removal of organs.

 

 

The Victims of Trafficking in Persons

The crime of human trafficking is heavily rooted in social and economic conditions including poverty, family violence,  marginalisation, lack of education. It is facilitated by practices that discriminate against the most vulnerable groups in society - in particular, women and children, but also refugees and migrants.

Women and girls make up 70% of overall trafficking victims worldwide. The vast majority are young women who have been forced into the sex trade. Women are also exploited for domestic servitude and forced labor.

Men are often exploited for forced labor, enduring harsh physical conditions and abuse. Male victims are frequently overlooked because of a common misperception that men are not trafficked.

Children trafficking is a major concern. Children are exploited for forced labor, petty crime and begging, child pornography and sex. Children account for 1 in 3 victims of human trafficking worldwide, though in some regions these figures are higher. Children who are forced to serve as soldiers are also considered as victims of human trafficking.

 

 

  

Recent News

     


UNVTF Brochure

The brochure highlights the action line, the work and achievements of the UN Trust Fund and showcases the progress of the projects funded through the  second Call for Proposals Cycle.

CCPCJ27

UNVTF 2018 Side event at the CCPCJ focus on  Assisting Women and Girls. Good Practices from France and Côte d'Ivoire, in cooperation with the French Permanent Mission.

Call for Proposals

On-going programme awards multi-year grants to specialized non-governmental organizations around the world that provide critical assistance to victims of human trafficking.

World Day 30 July

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime organizes its annual Giving Day to End Human Trafficking on the 30th of July 2018 in cooperation with the platform Charidy.com.

Useful links

 
UNVTF NewsRoom UNVTF Newsletter
Human Trafficking Testimonials UNODC and Human Trafficking
UN Blue Heart Campaign Against Human Trafficking United Nations Global Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons

 

 

 

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